Response & Summary

Please write a response and summary for one or two of the remaining articles in your theme. You may want to combine the summary and response as suggested by your textbook on pages 26 and 27. Also, I encourage you to use a summary grid like the one introduced on pages 24 and 25 (you cannot upload a picture or table to this blog, but you can simply use bullet lists). Either way, make sure that both the summary and response conform to the criteria listed in your textbook on pages 14 and 20:

Summaries:

  • 1) acknowledge the original author and/or source
  • 2) include only the most important information
  • 3) write only a paragraph (thesis and main points)
  • 4) paraphrase any information that comes from the original writing
  • 5) be objective (not subjective)

Responses:

  • 1) Responses are subjective. 
  • 2) Responses vary in content, drawing from personal experience, applications, agreement or disagreement, and other types of responses.
  • 3) Responses vary in length.

You may want to paraphrase something for your summary. If so, please use the criteria for a good paraphrase that are found on page 6: 

  • 1) It has the same meaning as the original.
    – all main ideas and no new ideas
  • 2) It is different enough from the original.
    – not more than 4 words in a row from the original source
    – changes vocabulary and grammar as much as possible
  • 3) It cites or refers to the original.
    – name or author and/or name of source

If you have any questions, please post them here.

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9 Responses to Response & Summary

  1. Pingback: March 25th | HELP 442W

  2. Yosuke Aida says:

    Summary of Smart Robot
    Author: Michel Bond
    P1(intro)
    Main idea: Smart robots, which is human-like robots, is closer to be realized than how people think about it.
    No supporting idea.
    P2~5
    Main idea: Analyzing brain is significant to apply intelligence to machines.
    Supporting idea: Ray Kurzweil said that reverse engineering the brain would be the importance to make human-like intelligence.
    P6
    Main idea: Until a few decade a go AI looked impossible to be materialized; however we are surrounded by it now.
    Supporting idea. For example, video games, toys and car navigation systems are kinds of AI.
    P7
    Main idea: Responding to circumstance and studying from it are key to make better AI.
    No supporting idea
    P8
    What the border line between men and robots are may not so clear.
    No supporting idea.

  3. Yosuke Aida says:

    In this article “Smart Robot” Michel Bond (2009), the author said that “You’ll realize the line between human and non-human can seem distinctly opaque” What he said is when machines get human-like intelligence, the line is not clear. When I read it I thought a totally opposite way from him. What happen If a man get all machine body except his brain? Is he still a man or not? I think that most people say that he is still a man. So, if a machine has exact copy of brain, there will be nothing to categorize what a man is.

  4. Janete says:

    Boundaries Between Humans and Machines
    David Bruemmer
    P1 – Robots that have human attributes will not replace human beings.
    SI – Machines and human have different abilities. Ex: calculators and mathematicians

    P2 – Humanoids must have the ability to self adjust and advance.
    SI – Emotions motivate humans and robots must have a something similar.

    P3/4 – Regardless of how we will consider the intelligence or emotions of humanoids they will affect us and our lives.
    SI – Distinction between “virtual world” and “real world” already blurred.

    P5 – Humanoids could take humans further away from each other, as it is already happening in the world.
    SI – Relationship through e-mail or chat rooms

    P6/7 – The unpredictability of the response to stimuli from real world from humanoids may arise ethical concerns about nature vs nurture.
    SI – Examples about robots bad behavior.

    P8/9 – New technology offers great risks because it has so many advantages. With humanoids it will be so as we will depend on them more than in humans.
    SI – Internet dangers and advantages like Love Bug and Y2K and all the information it provides.

    P10 – Imagination and the ability to see what lay ahead are what change society. We have the responsibility to give direction to all our technology.
    SI – We still have time to think what we want to do with humanoids.

  5. Janete says:

    Although I am not against humanoids, I think that it is not necessary to give the physical appearance of humans unless it is in a kind of work that bonding is essential. We don’t really understand human emotions, or find it hard to maintain relationship because of emotions, and already we want to give them to our creations. Maybe it would be better to study emotions in humans and how to better control or at least manage them before trying to input them into humanoids. It is still in its early stages but the developers are already finding problems in predicting the behavior of robots in real situations vs in laboratory.

  6. Nozomi says:

    In the remaining articles, I am writing the response and summary about “Is Ethics the Missing Link ?, The writer writes about some problems caused by liberalizing market and globalization and suggests some solutions.
    Firstly, he mentions the unequal distribution of benefits caused by free market. Although the increased open market is the way to prosperity and globalization has brought unquestioned benefits to many countries, he emphasizes that these profits actually unfairly distributed to people and one billion of them around world make a living on less than 1 dollar dairy.
    Next, he suggests environmentally negative effects on globalization. Although people have not been faced the environmental limit through history, they has continued to consume enormous natural resource for their appetite. Afterwards, he warns the inappropriate behavior describing how people has destroyed mangrove to make a shrimp pond.
    Finally, he makes some suggestions to live together in globalization. People have to have a consuming responsibly. In fact, he says that people should consider how we can prevent environmental damage and advance science and technology for creation rather than destruction. Moreover, he mentions people have to reconsider about globalization and redefines the globalization is not only expanding open market but also seeks to provide proper support for social equity, cultural diversity and health environment.
    For these mentions, he infers that people have to co-exist in global community, considering their environment and various cultures. However, in my opinion, I think it is very hard to combine the economical freedom with the equal society and globalization. Considering the equality, many poor nations can not independently advance their economy under the competitive market system. Although that the richer nations financially or technically help the poorer nations is one of the beneficial aspects in globalization, it is actually power game between the developed nations. For instance, a poor nations would get much more support than others, if it has natural resource or other benefits.

  7. tamaki says:

    [Globalization]

    Summary grid
    -Paths of Globalization from the Berbers to Bach-

    1) Cultural traditions form an framework
    For identity, social stability and compassionate-interaction
    2) A world changing creates cultural insecurity
    a) Threaten individual identity
    i) Another rules change our habits
    3-5) Globalized interaction can also create new culture
    a) Bach and ‘sarabande’
    b) The Silk Road Ensemble
    6-8) The important findings in sharing culture
    a) Every tradition is the successful invention
    b) By performing a tradition abroad
    i) We better understand our own culture
    9-14) Four priorities in education for preparing global students
    a) Making subject memorable
    b) Inspiring passion-driven learning
    c) Developing a disciplined imagination
    d) Fostering empathy

  8. Ewelina says:

    Title: Humanoid Robotics: Ethical Considerations
    Author: David Bruemmer
    Paragraph 1
    Main idea: Even though we are interested in creating humanoids, they will never replace us humans, since we have different characteristics.
    Supporting idea: Calculators made certain things easier for us, but they didn’t replace mathematics.

    Paragraph 2/3
    Main idea: Humanoids have to have two significant skills: fast adaptation and self-development, in order to be valuable and trustworthy.

    Paragraph 4
    Main idea: Technologies seem to imitate the reality, but the most problematic idea is not if robots can be consider real or not, but its influence on humans.
    Supporting idea: Distinction between “real” and “virtual” words.

    Paragraph 5
    Main idea: The significant danger behind humanoids is that they will limit human interaction and we will spent more time interacting with machines.
    Supporting idea: People spend more time communicating through chat rooms and instant messenger than in person.

    Paragraph 6/7
    Main idea: The effects humans will have on humanoids development/behavior are hard to predict/imagine.
    Supporting idea: Issac Asimov theoretical interplay of rules

    Paragraph 8/9
    Main idea: The humanoids are equally useful and dangerous.
    Supporting idea: The Love Bug virus and Y2K

    Paragraph 10
    Main idea: Humans are the one who need to decide in which direction the development of humanoids will pursue, thus our imagination and creativity changes society.

  9. Ewelina says:

    The idea of creating humanoids is a very interesting one. I strongly disbelieve tough that robots will be better than humans when it comes to showcasing emotions. We have such a broad spectrum of emotions and feelings that are difficult to explain or even describe, so there is a small chance we can teach a humanoid them. Besides I cannot imagine that people will be exchanged with machines. It seems like such a boring and lonely life to just be surrounded by robots.

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