How to Paraphrase

HELP 442W students will show you how to paraphrase for academic writing. Please look at their methods below.

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15 Responses to How to Paraphrase

  1. help2013rick says:


    Original:
    “Although the instructor was considered difficult by many students, she was very popular.”

    1 Change Voice from Passive to Active:
    Although many students considered the instructor difficult, she was very popular.

    2 Use Word Substitution/Synonyms:
    Although many students thought the teacher was challenging, she was liked by everyone.

    3 Change Connecting Words/Transition Signals:
    Many students thought the teacher was challenging, yet she was liked by everyone.

    4 Change Voice from Passive to Active (different clause):
    Many students thought the teacher was challenging, yet everyone liked her.

    Paraphrase:
    Many students thought the teacher was challenging, yet everyone liked her.


    Sourcework Copyright© Heinle, a Part of Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

  2. Pingback: Paraphrases & Outlines | HELP 442W (Spring II, 2013)

  3. fatimah says:

    “They often bore easily, and without other option their craving for stimulation can lead them to abuse drugs and alcohol, gamble, or engage in other destructive behaviors” (Smith, 2006).

    Abusing drugs and alcohol, gambling, or doing mischief, could be the results behind craving taking risk(Smith, 2006).

    • help2013rick says:

      Hi Fatimah and Tamaki!

      Can we see the steps you made to go from the original to the paraphrase?
      And can we see the grammar tool that you used for each step?

  4. Marco says:

    “All heroes are motivated by a profound respect for human life”

    1. Passive to Active

    A profound respect for human life motivates all heroes.

    2. Synonyms

    A deep consideration for people drives all fighters.

    • help2013rick says:

      Hi Marco and Nozomi,

      “A deep consideration for people drives all fighters.” is a good paraphrase; actually, a great paraphrase is “A deep consideration for people’s lives drives all heroes.”

      You have changed the original enough, even if you don’t change “heroes,” and it’s OK to keep “life” in the paraphrase. We only need to change the original enough, not completely, and not every word.

      I deleted this step: “A deep consideration for people doesn’t discourage all fighters.” (changing the verb to a negative)

      This 3rd step was unnecessary, I think (I said to do at least 3 steps, but here, I think we only need these two steps). Also, the meaning of “A deep consideration for people doesn’t discourage all fighters” is too different from the original, I think.

      This might be a better way to change “drives”: “A deep consideration for people’s lives prevents all fighters from ever giving up.” Do you understand?

  5. Marco says:

    “There is only 1 social entrepreneur for every 10 million of the rest of us.”

    1. Sentence Structure

    For every 10 million of the rest of us, there is only 1 social entrepreneur.

    2. Synonyms

    Among 10 million people, there is just 1 social businessman.

    3. Verb to Negative

    Among 10 million people, there is not more than 1 social businessman.

  6. Hang Le says:

    ” The act of emigration, he says, is an instrinsically risky endeavor that selects individuals who are high in sensation seeking”
    1. Synonym
    He says that the purpose of expatriation is an naturally dangerous effort. It involved particular person who are in perception seeking.
    2. Move phrase.
    He says that an naturally dangerous effort, the purpose of expatriation, choose particular person who are in perception seeking.
    3. Active=> passive
    He says that a particular, who are in perception seeking, was chosen by an naturally dangerous effort, the purpose of expatriation.

  7. Janete says:

    “There is evidence to show that Type T personality is something people are born with”
    1. Passive/ active
    That people are born with Type T personality is something that evidence shows.
    2. Word substitution
    Some proof shows that Type T personality is something innate to people.

  8. Janete says:

    “The predisposition to risk-taking is not a new genetic development”

    Risk taking tendency is an old evolutionary trait that is still part of human nature.

  9. Yosuke Aida says:

    1.When he speaks, a system of infrared sensors transmits his lip movement to the robot.

    Synonym: When he talks, a device of optical sensors sends his mouth movement to the android.

    Order: A device of optical sensors sends his mouth movement to the android, when he talks

    2.According to roughly dozen recent studies, executions save live.

    The result of latest research show that executing inmates save live.

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